pdf THE PROBLEM OF LANGUAGE AND SPEECH IN LINGUISTICS Популярные

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D. Avezova

Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Language is classified into certain strata or levels. The linguists distinguish basic and non-basic levels. In other words, they called: primary and secondary levels. This distinction depends on whether a level has got its own unit or not. If a level has its own unit then this level is qualified as basic or primary. If a level doesn't have a unit of its own then it is a non - basic or secondary level. Thus the number of levels entirely depends on how many language (or speech) units in language. There's a number of conceptions on this issue: some scientists say that there are four units (phoneme/phone; morpheme/morph; lexeme/lex and sentence), others think that there are five units like phonemes, morphemes, lexemes, word -combinations (phrases) and sentences and still others maintain that besides the mentioned ones there are paragraphs, utterances and texts. As one can see there's no unity in the number of language and speech units.