folder Филологические науки

Документы

pdf REALIZM – IJODIY METOD SIFATIDA Популярные

Владелец Число скачиваний: 116

Рузикулова Холиса

город Карши, республика Узбекистан

Voqelikni qayta tiklashning tarixan o‘ziga xosligiga qarab, jahon adabiyotida klassisizm, romantizm va realizm ijodiy metodlari mavjuddir. Bu ijodiy metodlardan jahon adabiyotida eng ko‘p tarqalgani realizm bo‘lib uning ko‘pgina o‘ziga xos ko‘rinishlari bor, jumladan didaktik realizm, ma‘rifatparvarlik realizmi, tanqidiy realizm kabilar. Romantizm va realizm butun jahon adabiyoti tarixi uchun universal ahamiyatga ega.

pdf ЎЗБЕК-ТОЖИК АДАБИЙ АЛОҚАЛАРИДА ЗУЛЛИСОНАЙНЛИК ҲОДИСАСИ

Владелец Число скачиваний: 74

Махфират Қурбоналиева

(Термез Ўзбекистон)

Ўзбек-тожик адабий алоқалари ўта ранг-баранг ва серқирра бўлиб, қардош халқ тилида яратилган адабиёт намуналаридан илҳомланиб асарлар ёзиш, қардош халқ адабиётидаги анъаналар, мавзулар, образлар, бадиий тасвир воситалари ва шу каби бошқа унсурларни қабул қилиш, адабий таржима каби турли кўринишларда намоён бўлади. Айтиб ўтиш лозимки, икки қардош халқ ўртасидаги тарихий-маданий муштараклик, урф-одатлар ва турмуш тарзидаги ўхшашлик, қолаверса, ўзаро яқин муносабатлар заминида юзага келган бундай адабий алоқалар ўз навбатида халқларимиз ўртасидаги дўстлик муносабатларининг янада мустаҳкамланишига хизмат қилган ва хизмат қилиб келмоқда.

default ԵՆԹԱԿԱՅԻԵՎՍՏՈՐՈԳՅԱԼԻՀԱՄԱՁԱՅՆՈՒԹՅՈՒՆԸՀԱՅԵՐԵՆՈՒՄՈՒԱՆԳԼԵՐԵՆՈՒՄԵՎԴՐԱՈՒՍՈՒՑՄԱՆ ՄԻ ՔԱՆԻ ՀԱՐՑԵՐ

Владелец Число скачиваний: 66

Բանասիրություն

ՄուրադյանԱրփիՍամվելի

Երևանիպետականհամալսարան

ք. Երևան, Հայաստան 

Մեթոդական հոդվածում հենվելով արդիլեզվագիտության վրա՝հեղի¬նակըմատնացույց է անում ենթակայի և ստորոգյալի համաձայնության ու-սուցման առանձնահատկությունները: Մասնավորապես կանգ է առնում դիմային և թվային համաձայնության որոշակի դրսևորումների վրա, ցույց տալիս գլխավոր անդամ¬ների համաձայնության ընդհան¬րություններն ու տարբերությունները:

Բանալիբառեր՝անգլերեն, հայերեն, ենթակա, ստորոգյալ, դերանուն, բայ, համա¬ձայնու¬թյուն, թվային, դիմային:

default “ОНА ВА БОЛА” АРХИСЕМАЛИ МАҚОЛЛАРНИНГ МАЗМУН КЎЛАМИГА ДОИР

Владелец Число скачиваний: 65

И.Холдорова

Ферганский государственный университет

Фергана, Узбекистан

Аннотация. В данной статье анализируются семантические стороны пословиц с архисемой “Мать и ребенок”. Явление ряда гласных звуков в данных пословицах изучено в связи с литературоведческим искусством тавзиъ.

Ключевые слова: пословицы с архисемой “Мать и ребенок”, консонанс, искусство тавзиъ, поэтика пословиц, обычай, ценность.

pdf ALEKSANDR POUP SO’Z SAN’ATINING O’ZBEK TILIGA TALQINI

Владелец Число скачиваний: 67

Очилова Дилафруз

город Карши, республика Узбекистан

Adabiyot jamiyat tarixi bilan yonma-yon yashaydi. Tarix kishilik jamiyatining taraqqiyot bosqichlarini aks ettiradi. Badiiy adabiyot esa xalqning turli davrlardagi ruhiyatini muayyan inson taqdiri misolida kashf etadi. Badiiy asarlar inson kechinmalari bilan bog’liq. Ularda shodlik va qayg’u, baxt va kulfat, iftixor va afsus, kuyinchaklik va loqaydlik kabi xilma-xil tuyg’ular tasvir etiladi. Shuning uchun ham inson adabiyotga befarq bo’la olmaydi. Undan o’z ma’naviyatini boyitish uchun foydalanadi.

pdf APPROACHES TO TEACHING SPELLING TO LISTENERS

Владелец Число скачиваний: 64

Эргашева Раъно Тураевна

город Карши, республика Узбекистан

It is obvious that in the 21st century, the trend of globalization is leading to closer relationships between countries. Of all the different languages, English, as a global/international language (EGL/EIL) or a Lingua Franca (ELF), is widely used in communication between people and countries. The English language has spread and developed globally, which is a fact that cannot be ignored. As the main foreign language taught and employed in communication with foreigners, the use of English has dramatically increased in Uzbekistan. The decree of the president of the republic of Uzbekistan on measures for further enhancement of the system of teaching of foreign languages (Tashkent, December 10, 2012) enlarges our possibilities to introduce and implement the advanced foreign language teaching methods with the use modern and information - communication technologies.

pdf BACKGROUND OF THE NOVEL “PRIDE AND PREJUDICE” BY JANE AUSTEN

Владелец Число скачиваний: 68

Курбонова Сурайё

город Карши, республика Узбекистан

There is a saying that literature somehow aims at studying society. Literature gives a faithful representation of life and thought of mankind. What’s more, each work of literature has its own theme, emblem and fascination, which brings the readers endless aftertaste and consideration, so is Austen’s Pride and Prejudice.

default BASIS AND CONDITIONS OF STATISTICAL RESEARCH OF LANGUAGE AND SPEECH

Владелец Число скачиваний: 69

Холматова Вазира Нарзуллаевна

г. Карши, Узбекистан

Annotation. There is a question among linguists about the real basis of statistical methods used in linguistics and in what conditions it can operate reliably. If the statistical method is used by a linguist then it is nothing more than an interesting toy connecting illusion of exactness and strictness of observation and evaluation of some language phenomena. If this method if necessary, and if its necessity is required by linguistics and its nature, and if the sufficient knowledge is not gained without statistics then the implementation of this method in the field of linguistics becomes of important principal task of the science independently. That is why it is extremely important to think about a real nature of a language forming statistical investigation of language and speech. It is necessary to think about in what common and necessary conditions a successful implementation of statistics can be achieved in solving linguistic tasks.

pdf CHARACTERISTICS OF MALE AND FEMALE IN A LANGUAGE

Владелец Число скачиваний: 69

Марупов Фарис Фатоевич

Самаркандский областной институт переподготовки и повышения

квалификации работников народного образования

Annotation.Current article explores to grow interest in searching as cognitive phenomenon. The language of gender is also considered to be a layer of cognitive linguistics. The work is devoted to the verbal behavior of men`s and women`s language patterns in human mind.

pdf CONTEXT AS A FACTOR DETERMINING INTONATION AND A CONSEQUENCE MEANING

Владелец Число скачиваний: 69

Шоназаров Мансур

город Карши, республика Узбекистан

This is another crucial pragmatic factor determining intonation and hence meaning. Context refers not just to the actual setting and participants of the communicative act, but also to the co-text and linguistic conventions of the language involved in it. As we saw in the above cases of deaccenting, the cognitive environment – as Gutt prefers to call the context – “includes information that can be perceived in the physical environment, information that can be retrieved from memory and furthermore information that can be inferred from these two sources”[2].

pdf DORRIS LESSING IS A POSTMODERNIST WRITER

Владелец Число скачиваний: 70

Киёмова Гузал

город Карши, республика Узбекистан

“Any human anywhere will blossom in a hundred unexpected talents and capacities simply by being given the opportunity to do so.” (Doris Lessing) Doris Lessing, a British author of modern fiction, was born on 22 October 1919 in Persia. In 1925, she moved with her parents, who were of British origin, to a farm in Southern Rhodesia, where she spent her childhood. She is, without any doubt, ranked among the most famous post-war English novelists. In 2007 she was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature, as the oldest person who has ever won this prize (she was 87 years old). In the 1940s Lessing joined the Communist Party, which influenced her political thinking a lot. Nonetheless, her political ideas have changed directions many times in the course of her life. Doris Lessing is a prolific and talented English writer after the World War II. As a female writer, Lessing has produced numerous works during her writing career, which cover a wide range of topics and demonstrate various styles.

pdf EL PROBLEMA DE LA TRADUCCIÓN DE ONOMATOPEYAS

Владелец Число скачиваний: 72

Shirkhanyan A. S.

Ereván Armenia

La traducción de las onomatopeyas presenta una gran dificultad para los traductores debido a que cada lengua usa diferentes recursos para expresarlas. El uso de onomatopeyas en las lenguas se presenta casi en todos los niveles del idioma desde el habla coloquial hasta los cómics y obras literarias.

pdf GAPNING BOSH VA IKKINCHI DARAJALI BO’LAKLAR NAZARIYASI HAQIDA Популярные

Владелец Число скачиваний: 196

Курбонова Сурайё

город Карши, республика Узбекистан

''Sintaksema'' atamasi lingvistik adabiyotda yaqindan boshlab har xil ma'nolarda ishlatila boshlandi va sintaktik semantikni bildiruvchi so'zdir. A.M.Muxin sintaksemalarga oid paradigamtik qator bo'lgan oddiy sintaktik birlik invariant yoki variantlar tizimi sifatida ta'rif beradi. Sintaksemalar o'rtasidagi farq, uning fikricha, avvalambor, o'zining variantlar yig'indisi jihatidan bir sintaksemaninig boshqasidan farq qilishidadir. Bu xususiyat sintaksemani oddiy sintaktik birlik invariant sifatida aniqlashga yordam bergan.

pdf HOW IS IT TO BE A MENTOR?

Владелец Число скачиваний: 66

Очилова Дилафруз

город Карши, республика Узбекистан

A man should first direct himself in the way he should go. Only then should he instruct others (Buddha). Teaching and learning language are compared to a long way which demands effort and patience. Since language never stands still and it is constantly changing, it is teachers task to be aware of all new methods, techniques, as well as make own contribution to this process.

default IDEALISM – DECADENCE OR FLOWERING

Владелец Число скачиваний: 63

Tojiyeva Dilbar Shukurovna

Termez State University,

Termez, Uzbekistan

Abstract. The article is about the discrepancy between idealism and realism in international relations. This is a question that scientists discussing it since long time. It is asked whether decadence of idealism, at the same time signifies the flowering of realism.

Key words: Idealism, Realism, discrepancy, flowering, decadence, discussion, theories of international relations, Europe, China, USA.

pdf JANE AUSTEN IS A FAMOUS ENGLISH WRITER

Владелец Число скачиваний: 68

Гайбуллаева Малохат

город Карши, республика Узбекистан

Jane Austen, a famous English writer, was bom in 1775 on 16th December at Steventon.. She is the author of magnificent novels: Sense and Sensibility, Pride and Prejudice, Mansfield Park, Emma, Northanger Abbey, and Persuasion. Much is connected with Jane Austen's name for each formed Englishman: “books which she has once read and likes to re-read, representation about perfection of the form, images of heroes which she recollects, learning their speech or habits in the people living today” [1:5].

default LANGUAGE LOSS AND LANGUAGE CHANGE IN THE LANGUAGE ISLANDS

Владелец Число скачиваний: 67

Khaydarova Ruzikhol Sheralievna

Termez State University, Termez, Uzbekistan

Abstract. TheArticletreatingtheissueofthelossofthefirstlanguageortheirexchangeintoanotherlanguage in thelanguageislands. Further itdealswiththecontroversialissueoflossorpreservationofthe native language in theenclaves. Itislistedobjectiveandsubjectiveconditionsofthepreservationorlossof native language.

Key words:Loss andchangeofmothertongue, surroundinglanguage, languageisland, controversial, objectiveandsubjectiveconditions, languagepreservation.

pdf LIRIKA JANRINING O’ZIGA XOS XUSUSIYATLARI

Владелец Число скачиваний: 88

Мухаммадиев Сухроб

город Карши, республика Узбекистан

Lirika --- badiiy adabiyotning uchta asosiy turidan biri. Lirikada voqe’lik lirik subyekt his-tuyg’ulari orqali akslanadi.Uning uchun badiiy nutq obyekt emas, subyekti birlamchi.Lirikaning badiiy xususiyatlari qadimdayoq ta’kidlab o’tilgan. Jumladan, poeziyani tanqid deb bilgan Aflotun poeziyaning bu turi “to’laligicha shoirning aytganlaridan iborat”, desa, Arastu fikricha, poeziyaning bu turida “taqlid qiluvchi qiyofasini o’zgattirmagan holda” taqlidni amalgam oshiradi.

pdf MIQDOR TUSHUNCHASINI IFODALASHDA MIQDOR RAVISHLARINING O’RNI

Владелец Число скачиваний: 77

Косимов Камол

Город Карши, республика Узбекистан

Miqdor tushunchasini ifodalashda keng qo’llanadigan voistalardan biri miqdor ravishlari hisoblanadi. Miqdor ravishlari harakat – holatning darajasini, miqdorini, belgining darajasini, narsa – buyumning noaniq miqdorini bildiradi. Daraja – miqdor ravishlari gapda qancha? qay darajada? so’roqlariga javob bo’lib keladigan juda, eng , g’oyat, nihoyatda, ko’p, mo’l, bisyor, oz, kam, picha, ancha, bir talay, bir oz, ko’plab kabi so’zlar hisoblanadi.

pdf MURAKKAB MORFOLOGIK SHAKLLAR XUSUSIDA

Владелец Число скачиваний: 72

Shukurov Otabek, filologiya fanlari nomzodi,

Qarshi davlat universiteti katta o’qituvchisi (O’zbekiston)

O’zbek tilshunosligida grammatik shakllar sirasida bo‘lgan morfologik qo‘shimchalar tasnifi o‘rta va oliy ta’lim grammatik tizimining muhim tushunchalaridan biri bo‘lganligi bois bugungacha dolzarb mavzu bo‘lib kelmoqda. Uzoq vaqt davomida morfologik ko‘rsatkichlar tasnifi dastlab arab, keyinchalik rus tili andazalariga moslangan holda izohlab kelindi. Shunga muvofiq, morfologik qo‘shimchalar ikki guruh, ya’ni so‘z o‘zgartiruvchi va shakl hosil qiluvchi guruhlarga ajratilar edi.